Did you know 85% of the homes in the United States are affected by hard water?  Even homes supplied with city water have hard water.  The best way to rid hard water in your home is to use a Kinetico water softener.  Having a water softener in your home provides many benefits, but did you know how the water softening process works?

A water softener uses a process called ion exchange.  Inside your Kinetico water softener are tiny plastic beads called resin.  These resin beads hold onto ions such as sodium, hardness, and iron.  When you turn on a faucet in your home, hard water is pushed through the Kinetico water softener.  As hard water enters the resin bed, the hardness and iron ions attach to the resin beads.  When this occurs, the hardness ions are exchanged with sodium ions.  Once this occurs, soft water is now traveling to your faucet.

A water softener will need to regenerate and recharge the resin bed when the resin bed reaches its capacity of hard water ions.  With a Kinetico water softener, a regeneration occurs after a certain number of gallons of water used in the home.  The first process of a regeneration is to backwash all the hardness and iron ions out of the resin bed and flushed down the drain.  The next process is to take the salt, which is a salty solution, in the salt tank and flush the resin bed with sodium chloride.  The sodium ions attach to the resin beads and the chloride ions are flushed down the drain.  After this occurs, the resin bed is recharged and is ready to give the home soft water.

Stuart Park, a Senior Engineer with Kinetico, explains how a water softener works in this short video: